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Our research cluster seeks to catalyze a conversation about science, with specific application to understanding Indigenous history and the environment via both empirical evidence and critical social theory.
Our focus includes the Indigenous past, its material and historical manifestations, the environmental context within which it occurred, and the study of this past. Our work is interdisciplinary and ovelaps with Indigenous studies, geochemistry, philosophy, archaeology, history, legal studies, anthropology, and museology.
We signal the complexity and overlap of our goals and interests in our cluster title by calling this ‘Indigenous/Science,’ allowing multiple interpretations of its meaning, including the science of Indigenous traditions, science by Indigenous scholars, the Indigenous study of science and scientists, the application of science to Indigenous contexts, and the exploration of the cultural conceptions of Indigeneity and science.
Who We Are
Our cluster integrates four research communities:
- archaeologists and physical scientists focusing on molecular and chemical analysis of material things;
- First Nations communities interested in forming research partnerships with research institutions in the exploration of Indigenous history;
- scholars who explore Indigenous cultural traditions; and
- scholars who explore the philosophy and culture of scholarship and knowledge production.
What We Do
We are driven by three principal ideas.
- First, we believe that science – which can be variously defined but includes both expectations of empirical commonality and the operation of recurring causal forces – is a valuable practice in any cultural context. We propose that empirical evidence, when sought widely, forms a landscape of data through which different explanations and understanding can weave.
- Second, we argue that Indigenous traditional knowledge is robust scholarship comparable to other frameworks of science, though often couched in ways that non-Indigenous scholars may not perceive or comprehend.
- Third, we argue that the identification of evidence is not always obvious and is never divorced from the cultural context of the scholar. While we seek equitable partnerships between non-Indigenous scholars and Indigenous scholars and communities, we acknowledge that this can be difficult.
Our research cluster includes Indigenous communities and scholars to assess the efficacy of our efforts. For the latter, the creation of the research cluster and its negotiations and developments will be the subject of study, a reflexive stance that creates an additional layer of interdisciplinarity.
Our cluster began as a Peter Wall Institute for Advanced Studies Wall Centre Workshop in the fall of 2017 that drew geochemists, Indigenous scholars, archaeologists, and social scientists together to discuss opportunities for interdisciplinary partnerships. From this, a core group emerged that applied for a UBC VPRI Research Excellence Cluster, which was awarded in 2018. We spent a year in consultation with scholars at UBC and with seven Indigenous communities gauging interest in seeking opportunities for research partnerships. These have coalesced into two main initiatives:
- Materializing Indigenous Histories. This work is a parternship between universities (UBCO, UBCV, U of Alberta, Leicester) and four Indigneous partners (Musqueam, Metlakatla, Sts'ailes, Métis Nation of Alberta) to address Indigenous-led research questions through the exploration of materials held in repositories.
- Ground-penetrating Radar Partnership with Musqueam. This effort focuses on providing training and research for the application of ground-penetrating radar and related methods to the investigation of the landscapes of Indian Residential Schools in the search for missing children.